In the past, furniture was made with the intension of making them valuable and long lasting. In the 1st half of the 20th century a new idea came which emphasize on the feature of purpose and user-friendliness. In the past the furniture was made in such a way that it conveyed the message of tradition and history. In the Modern Furniture there is a movement for freshness, uniqueness, scientific improvement etc and it coveys a new message.
Modern design is supposed to be the outcome of a combination of influences. Which are theoretically original things and manufacturing ways, the new philosophies which came from Werkbund and the Bauhaus School and overall from the vast creativity of the artists and designers of that time.
The new materials are used. Such as steel, molded plywood, plastics are to create new designs. They are made in such a way that they bear the sense of contrast to the before. In the modern furniture we see that there is a mixture of technology and art. This is the current trend and working philosophy.
Many organizations are there which get sponsored by the government to promote German art and design in the world. Bauhaus School has taken the responsibility of that philosophy. They are facilitating the interest of using the new materials amongst the mass in order to ensure its heap production and the good design will be made for Modern Furniture out of these materials which will be user friendly for the mass.
There is an artistic demand for the decoration and the complex for Modern Furniture was challenged by new materials, courage and creativity of the Europeans. There is another one cause which was the popularity of African and Asian design. In this matter the influence of Japanese design was legend. In the last part of 19th century Japanese isolationist policy began to be softening. Consequently the trade with the countries of the western world started and was fruitful. The artifacts which were made were famous for their simplicity, solid touch of color without decoration and opposite use of model. In the Europe there is a vast trend for Japanese fashion.